One can easily feel left out of dinner conversation in the height of a movement called Third-Wave Feminism. Multi-dashed terms being thrown around like a supper rolls, and opinions spat out as quick as a mouth-full of bad pinot. We don’t want you to feel like you’ve showed up late and empty handed, so we’ve gathered together a glossary of terms you’re going to want to know in order to make it through this current cultural climate.
Ambivalent Sexism: this is a tricky term because it quite literally means both the hostile and positive treatment of women resulting in a bias. For example sexism isn’t just having negative feelings towards women, it is based in treatment of women, even putting women on a overly positive pedestal which creates a form of inequality. This type of sexism can be dealt out by men, but also by women towards themselves and other females.
Androcentric: a mindset that is slanted towards the male point of view. For example: feminists are fighting against an androcentric society.
Antifeminism: is the opposition to any feminist, or women’s movement. See MGTOW.
Benevolent Sexism: this string of sexism is when both or either men and women hold a positively angled form of sexism which is rooted in protection, and glorification. This is probably the most difficult sexism to pin point, but the most frequent in our everyday. See Ambivalent Sexism.
Cis: short for cisgender this term relates to those who identify with the sex they were assigned to at birth. It is a term often used by the LGBT community, and intersectional feminists as an individual who may identify with their birth-given gender but may not fulfill cultural stereotypes of said gender.
Complementarianism: the idea that women and men hold complimentary roles to each other. In history this excludes women from many roles that are traditionally “male”.
Fat Shaming: the public shaming of an individual for their body size or weight.
Female Martyrdom: this is the concept of self-sacrifice by women for their beliefs in the feminist movement. This term has a lot of confusion and backlash as it is believed to have added to the justification of oppression of women in society.
Internalized Misogyny: a subconscious form of sexism that women hold within themselves due to the over use of sexism in our culture. For example girls truly believing they can’t be good at sports because it’s not for girls.
Intersectional Feminism: coined by American civil rights advocate and feminist Kimberlé Williams Crenshaw this term refers to a movement that must call out privilege in our efforts and be inclusive of gender, race, social class, sexual orientation, etc. For example a white woman’s feminism must be understanding, and active to the oppression of her fellow women regardless of their race, ethnicity, or sexual orientation in order for it to be progressive feminism.
The Modesty Movement: according to the blog themodestymovement10.blogspot.com the movement “wants women to understand that they can be beautiful, mysterious, and sexy without showing a lot of skin. Reclaim the power of your femininity.” We see its rise from many conservative fashion bloggers across social media from Muslim bloggers, to Orthodox Jewish bloggers, to just women who choose this is their message. It’s had a trickle up effect that has shifted runway styles at houses like Dolce & Gabbana. It’s argued that this sells the idea that what you wear translates to how you are treated by the opposite sex.
Lipstick Feminism: this is a vertical of Third Wave Feminism that reinforces the ability for women to identify as feminists while upholding their ‘girly’ side. It’s the vein of thinking that one can still fight for an equal movement and simultaneously love a good makeup tutorial.
Raunch Culture: Collins Dictionary defines the term as: “a culture which promotes overtly sexual representation of women, as through the acceptance of pornography, stripping, nudity in advertising, etc, especially when this is encouraged by women.” Raunch culture is a culture in which women are sexually objectified by the opposite sex and each other in media, advertising, and beyond. It claims that this culture has mystified our morals so that young women compete to be the sexiest.
Mansplaining: the term refers to a condescending manner in which a man might explain something to a woman. An explanation often relayed in a patronizing and demeaning manner backing up a misogynistic, and prejudice against female knowledge.
Manterupting: the term refers to a male’s behavior to frequently interrupt a female counterpart while she speaks. This gender issue has been argued as being pseudo-science for being a cultural phenomena used by both males and females instead of a scientific gender bias.
MGTOW: also known as Men Going Their Own Way, this is a direct counter movement to the women’s movement that, in the organizations own words, “is a statement of self-ownership, where the modern man preserves and protects his own sovereignty…” This movement stands for men pushing back against what they feel a women’s culture has made of them. Among many things, they hold the belief that relationships with the opposite sex should be on their terms and based in sexual engagement only. They believe in “survival and mating” but not “marriage and children”. In clearest terms MGTOW holds the belief that the women’s movement represents manipulation of the opposite sex. In a MGTOW manifesto on Reddit one can find quotes like this: “Society has lied to us in ways that have been detrimental, without regard to our freedom of thought, or freedom of actions. For the sake of preservation of ourselves, we will not try and win a rigged game, try and change the game, or make it so that we are the ones who are rigging it. We are done with lies, and we are done with the games that people play. We get up, and we leave.” and also this: “I’m tired of dealing with selfish, stuck-up women. Even fat hippos think they are entitled to some super hot, successful hunk. And dating is bullshit! They expect you to pay for everything and get nothing in return.” But all that’s for another article in itself…
The Male Gaze: refers to the portrayal of women by men first in art and literature, and now modernly in media and advertising. It is often sexualized and objectified due to the heterosexual view. This goes hand in hand with the concept of “The Gaze” which is how individuals view the subject presented.
Misandry: the hatred of men.
Misogyny: the hatred of women.
Non-Binary: non-binary refers to an individual who does not identify with a single gender. They can feel that they blur the lines between what the stereotype of each gender is defined as. They can be both multi-gendered or feel neutral-gendered — not really identifying with either.
Post-Feminism: Post-feminism of 4th Wave Feminism is a muddied term in history but is most commonly known has a backlash against feminism. It is a movement that supports a non-gendered culture. Some supporters of Postfeminism believe we have already achieved the equality needed through first and second wave feminism, and that third-wave feminism is obsolete.
Post-Structuralist Feminists: stems from the theory of Post-Structuralism. Post-structural feminism goes hand in hand with intersectional feminism in its belief that it’s not as simple as women and men, there are many other elements at play in searching for equality. All of them must be identified in order to succeed.
Queer Theory: Queer Theory was an extension of the post-structuralist theory from the 90s’. It pushes back against the privilege that comes with being heterosexual, and studies the equality of all sexual orientations. In 1998 Professor Eve Kosofksy Sedgwick was quoted in The New York Times as “It’s about trying to understand different kinds of sexual desire and how the culture defines them.”
Third-Wave Feminism: third wave feminism is the most modern string of the feminist movement. Birthing around the 1990s’ from the work of the first, and second waves. Third wave represents equality for race, social class, transgender rights, and creating a safe, equal environment for all. As a feminist one must be aware, and represent all aspects of women’s issues not just the ones that effect them. See Intersectional Feminism.
Toxic Masculinity: a social ideology that believes a stereotypical format of masculinity including machoism, violent tendencies, predatory.
Tumblr Feminism: originally used as a term to shame feminism, but soon adopted by the movement itself, this Millennial feminism school of thought was born on the scrolls of the site Tumblr. It represents a specific group of young feminists who choose to use the platform to share beliefs and art that can’t find a home on any other social outlet due to their strict code of conducts on content (specifically nudity). Tumblr feminism is often identified as overtly sexual, satirical content and sending the message that we as women will portray ourselves — and our sexuality — on our own terms.
Victim Feminism: cictim feminism is defined as women who do not take their movement, or actions into their own hands. They can be seen as a women’s group who chooses to feel victim in the shadow of male power, instead of working towards a common ground together. This can be seen in feminists throwing blame towards their male counterparts instead of engaging them in the movement for equality.